Optical Investigation and Electronic Polarizability of Nd3+ Doped Soda-Lime-Silicate Glasses
P. Chimalawong, J. Kaewkhao and P. Limsuwan
DOI : 10.3844/erjsp.2010.176.181
Energy Research Journal
Volume 1, Issue 2
Problem statement: This study researched on different physical and optical properties of Nd3+ doped soda-lime-silicate glass. The glasses containing Nd3+ in (65-x)SiO2: 25Na2O: 10CaO: xNd2O3 (where x = 0.0-5.0 mol%) had been prepared by melt-quenching method. The density and molar volume increase with increasing of Nd2O3 concentration due to increasing of Non Bridging Oxygen (NBOs) in glass matrix. The optical spectra were measured and evaluated their optical band gap and found to decrease with increasing of Nd2O3 concentration. Moreover, these results showed that the refractive index of glass does not only depend on the density but also depend on the electronic polarizability of the glass. The values of polarizability of oxide ions, theoretical optical basicity were also determined. Approach: This study investigated the effect of Nd2O3 content on optical band gap, density, molar volume, optical basicity and polarizability in soda-lime silicate glass. Series of Nd3+ doped soda-lime silicate glasses (in mol%): (65-x)SiO2-25Na2O-10CaO-xNd2O3 (x = 1-5 mol%) were prepared by the normal melt-quenching technique. Analytical reagent grade chemicals of SiO2, Na2O, CaO and Nd2O3 were used in the glasses preparation. Each batch of chemical was powdered finely and mixed thoroughly in porcelain crucibles and was later melted in an electrical muffle furnace for 3 h, at 1200°C. After complete melting, the homogenized melt was quickly poured onto a stainless steelmould that was heated at 500°C to form the glasses. The glass blocks thus resulted were immediately transferred to the annealing furnace that and were annealed at 500°C for 3 h and then slowly cooled down to the room temperature in order to remove possible thermal stains in the glasses. Finally, the as-prepared glass samples were cut and then finely polished to a thickness of 3 mm. The glass densities were measured by using xylene as an immersion liquid based on the Archimedes's principle. Glass refractive indices were measured at room temperature using an Abbe refractometer (ATAGO) and mono-bromonaphthalene as an adhesive coating. The optical absorption spectra of Nd3+ doped soda-lime silicate glasses were recorded at room temperature using a UV-VIS spectrophotometer (Hitachi, U-1800), working in 300-700 nm. Results: By addition of Nd2O3 into the SiO2-Na2O-CaO glass network, the density ncreases with increase in Nd2O3 content. The molar volume of the glass systems under study increases with increase in Nd2O3 content, which is attributed to increase in the number of Non Bridging Oxygen (NBOs). The optical band gap slightly decreases with the increase of Nd2O3 and results in the increase of bonding defect and non-bridging oxygen. The optical basicity of the glasses are increasing with Nd2O3 content change with the increasing of polarizability and consequently the increase in refractive index. Conclusion: The study of SiO2-Na2O-10CaO-Nd2O3 glass systems showed that the density and refractive index increase with increasing concentration of Nd2O3. The increase of molar volume with Nd2O3 content indicates that the extension of glass network is due to the increase of the number of NBOs. The optical band gap slightly decreases with in Nd2O3 content due to an increase in the degree of localization of electrons thereby increase of the donor center in the glass matrix. The electronic polarizability and optical basicity increase with the increase of mol% of Nd2O3, which is in agreement with the decrease of optical band gap. Moreover, the results found in this study show that the refractive index of glass does not only depend on the density but also depend on the electronic polarizability of the glass.
© 2010 P. Chimalawong, J. Kaewkhao and P. Limsuwan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.