Current Research in Medicine

Assessment of Risk of Falls in Elderly Patients with Osteoarthritis of the Knee and Low Back Pain

Polianna Delfino Pereira, Rodrigo Miranda, Marco Orsini, Marco Antonio Araujo Leite, Victor Hugo do Vale Bastos and Dionis Machado

DOI : 10.3844/amjsp.2012.231.236

Current Research in Medicine

Volume 3, Issue 2

Pages 231-236

Abstract

This study aimed identify which groups of elderly are at higher risk of falls, with osteoarthritis (OA), low back pain or both conditions. 29 elderly were distributed in three groups: OA of the Knee (OAK), Low Back Pain (LBP) and the two events concomitantly (OL). Evaluation tools applied were: Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Roland Morris Functional Performance Questionnaire, Gait Speed (GS), Timed Get Up and Go Test (TGUGT) and Berg Balance Scale (BBS). No differences were found in the three groups for assessment by GS, TGUGT and BBS instruments. A significative difference was found by RMQ in groups LPB and OL, WOMAC found difference in pain domain between groups OL and OAK and VAS analysis showed significative difference between group OL to the others groups. No significative difference was found between groups by the assessment of balance.

Copyright

© 2012 Polianna Delfino Pereira, Rodrigo Miranda, Marco Orsini, Marco Antonio Araujo Leite, Victor Hugo do Vale Bastos and Dionis Machado. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.