A Study on Erythrocytic Determination of Anemic Condition among Human Immunodeficiency Virus Sero Positives
M. A. Pradeep, M. Thiruvalluvan and V. Dhamodharan
DOI : 10.3844/amjsp.2010.80.83
Current Research in Medicine
Volume 1, Issue 2
Problem statement: Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is growing health hazard throughout the world. In developing countries like India anemia is highly prevalent in the population due to the malnourished condition apart, HIV infection is one among the major cause of anemia. The outcome of certain infectious diseases including HIV is worse when the host is malnourished. HIV infection is one of the major contributions to the development of anemia. As HIV infection advances progressive anemia is established. Hemochrome parameters and Erythroid indices are used as a marker for monitoring HIV status. Since hematological toxicity is the most common adverse effect related to long term administration of anti-viral drugs. Approach: Selection of study groups: A total of 49 HIV patient blood sample were collected which includes 16 HIV/AIDS male patients and 33 HIV/AIDS female patients attending Department of Sextually Transmitted Disease, Mohan Kumaramangalam Government Hospital, Salem where subjected in the present study. Determination of Erythroid Indices such a Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH) for Anemic condition. Results: Present study documented the prevalence of Hypochromic Microcitic anemia. Conclusion: Proper therapeutic management and nutiritional supplement might reduce the burden of anemia thereby increase the survival of HIV sero positives.
© 2010 M. A. Pradeep, M. Thiruvalluvan and V. Dhamodharan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.