Neuroscience International

Functional Neuroimaging in Dementia and other Amnesic Disorders: A Radiological Review

Leonardo Caixeta, Renata Teles Vieira, Sergio Machado, Bruno Galafassi, Ciro Vargas and Lorena Resende

DOI : 10.3844/amjnsp.2011.48.58

Neuroscience International

Volume 2, 2011

Pages 48-58

Abstract

Problem statement: The structural and functional neuroimaging have much to contribute to the cognitive neuroscience. Approach: We describe a radiological review of the major dementia syndromes and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), included Alzheimer's disease, Lewy body dementia, Vascular dementia, Front temporal Lobar degeneration, Dementia associated with parkinsonism and other amnesic syndromes. Results: The different syndromes and diseases presenting with dementia have different patterns of brain perfusion abnormalities, it is possible to distinguish them with good specificity with neuroimaging. Conclusion: New imaging techniques carry the hope of revolutionizing the diagnosis of dementia so as to obtain a complete molecular, structural and metabolic characterization, which could be used to improve diagnosis and to stage each patient and follow disease progression and response to treatment. Structural and functional imaging modalities contribute to the diagnosis and understanding of the different dementias.

Copyright

© 2011 Leonardo Caixeta, Renata Teles Vieira, Sergio Machado, Bruno Galafassi, Ciro Vargas and Lorena Resende. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.