Some Test Statistics for Testing the Binomial Parameter: Empirical Power Comparison
Florence George and B.M. Golam Kibria
DOI : 10.3844/amjbsp.2010.82.93
Current Research in Biostatistics
Volume 1, 2010
Problem statement: The Binomial distribution is one of the most useful probability distributions in the filed of quality control, physical and medical sceinces. Many questions of interest to the health worker related to make inference about the unknown population proportion, parameter of binomial distribution. This study considers the problem of hypotheses testing of the parameter of a binomial distribution. Approach: Different test statistics available in literature are reviewed and compared based on the empirical size and power properties. Since a theoretical comparison is not possible, a simulation study has been conducted to compare the performance of the test statistics. To illustrate the findings of the paper, two real life health related data are analyzed. Results: The simulation study suggests that some methods have better size and power properties than the other test statistics. The performnace of the proposed test statistics also depend on the hypothesized value of the binomial parameter. Conclusions/Recommendations: The practitioners should be careful about the hypothesized value of the binomial parameter p. If the hypothesized value is near 0.5, any test is acceptable for moderate to large sample size. However, for testing the end or small value of p, one might need very large sample size to have a good power and actual size of the test.
© 2010 Florence George and B.M. Golam Kibria. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.