American Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology

Sorbitol-Induced Diabetic-Like Retinal Lesions in Rats: Microscopic Study

Gaber A. Ramadan

DOI : 10.3844/ajptsp.2007.89.97

American Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology

Volume 2, Issue 2

Pages 89-97

Abstract

The present study investigated the sorbitol toxicity on the retinas of normal albino rats and founded by the light microscope that intra-peritoneal injection of Sorbitol (10-mg/kg-body weight per day) for 24 weeks produced similar diabetic like retinal lesions in these rats. The retinopathic effects of sorbitol injection affect retinal microvessels, pigment epithelium, neural retina and glial cells. Cytoplasmic vacuolation of the pigment epithelium and oedema of the neural retinal cells were evident. Microvascular abnormalities include thick-walled, elongated and dilated blood capillaries. The abnormal capillaries showed aneurysms and were occluded with deformed, fragmented, and adherent blood cells. Another finding was the pyknosis of glial cells. The present investigation concluded that sorbitol is toxic to the retinal tissue and it may play a role in the setup of diabetic retinopathy.

Copyright

© 2007 Gaber A. Ramadan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.