Nanoscale Pitch Standards Sample Fabricated using Laser-Focused Atomic Deposition
Yan Ma, Tongbao Li, Yajun Zhao, Baowu Zhang, Wen Wu, Yili Xiao, Pingping Zhang and Weigang Gong
DOI : 10.3844/ajnsp.2011.127.131
Current Research in Nanotechnology
Volume 2, 2011
Problem statement: Nanotechnology is already a large sector of industry and science research and it is expected to continue to grow at very fast rate. The determination of absolute measurements of length at the nanometer scale and below is very difficult and expensive. So the nanoscale metrology standard is needed. Approach: The laser-focused atomic deposition is a new way to establish nanoscale pitch standards. When the atoms pass though laser standing wave field, the atoms will change the moving trajectory and be focused to the node (or antinode) of the laser standing wave according to the detuning of laser frequency and atomic resonant frequency. Because of the period of the laser standing wave, laser mask will form the anologue of an array of cylindrical lense. If a substrate is positioned at the focal plane of this lens array, a periodic structure is depositing onto the surface. The period of this structure is λ/2 of laser. Results: In this letter, a 425 nm laser light standing wave is used to focus a beam of chromium atoms to fabricate the nanoscale pitch standards sample of 213±0.1 nm. The height was 4 nm. The (FWHM) width of 64±6 nm. Conclusion/Recommendations: The period of this structure is λ2 of laser, whose spatial period can be traced directly to an atomic transtition frequency and the uncertainty possibility is 10-5, which is fitted to be as the nanopitch standards.
© 2011 Yan Ma, Tongbao Li, Yajun Zhao, Baowu Zhang, Wen Wu, Yili Xiao, Pingping Zhang and Weigang Gong. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.