Chronic Mental Stress Induces Reversible Reduction of Natural Killer Cells and CD56dim Subpopulation
Manar M. Ismail
DOI : 10.3844/ajisp.2017.186.193
American Journal of Immunology
Volume 13, 2017
Generally, studying to be a health care provider is a stressful and demanding field and the students have to face many stressors that may affect their general health status including the immune system. This work aimed at studying the effect of prolonged naturalistic life-stress exposure on the percentage of peripheral blood T-lymphocytes and Natural Killer (NK) cells in female laboratory medicine students. 52 peripheral blood samples in the last week of the final written exam (stress time point) and 27 samples after 12 weeks rest (control) were withdrawn and analyzed by flow cytometry. At the stress time point, there was a significant high T helper cells percentage with elevation of T helper/T cytotoxic ratio, P value <0.001. Also, significant low percentages of NK cells and CD56dim together with high CD56bright subpopoulations were detected, P value <0.001. Lymphocyte analysis of the subgroup that had an attach of common cold (34.6%) revealed significant reduction in the number of T cytotoxic and NK cells, P values 0.042 and 0.001 respectively. This study concluded that in humans, naturalistic chronic stress as expressed in academic exams has the potential to negatively affect the immune system, but normality is regained after sufficient stress relieve measures. Replication in larger and more diverse sample populations with inclusion of males for comparison is required, Also assessments of NK cell cytotoxicity and T helper cell subsets especially T regulatory cells are required for future studies.
© 2017 Manar M. Ismail. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.