American Journal of Immunology

Evaluation of Mast Cell Distribution in Oral Lichen Planus and Lichenoid Lesions by Immunohistochemical and Histochemical Analysis

Mahi Balci and Mustafa Emre Ercin

DOI : 10.3844/ajisp.2016.99.106

American Journal of Immunology

Volume 12, 2016

Pages 99-106

Abstract

The histopathological assessment of Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions is relatively subjective. The distinguishing criteria established by WHO effectively reproducible when all selection criteria were fulfilling but sometimes fail to provide a reliable diagnosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate mast cell counts and their distribution among OLP and lichenoid lesions. The density and localization of mast cells was examined in 22 patients with a diagnosis of OLP (11 patients) or oral lichenoid reactions (11 patients) by c-kit/CD117 immunohistochemical and toluidine blue histochemical staining. Data were analyzed using either the Kruskal-Wallis or Mann-Whitney U tests. No significant difference in the total number of mast cells was observed between the two groups (P = 0.599); however, a significant difference was observed in mast cell counts between reticular and junctional zones (P<0.05). The findings of the present study suggest that mast cells play a key role in the pathogenesis of oral inflammation; however, the ability of mast cell measurements to reliably differentiate between lichen planus and other lichenoid mimickers was limited as the number of mast cells was found to be increased in both the conditions.

Copyright

© 2016 Mahi Balci and Mustafa Emre Ercin. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.