PRODUCTION OF CROSS-REACTIVE AUTOANTIBODY BINDING TO BOVINE SERUM ALBUMIN IN THE D-GALACTOSE-INDUCED AGING MOUSE MODEL
Ji-Hun Park and Tae-Saeng Choi
DOI : 10.3844/ajisp.2014.3.9
American Journal of Immunology
Volume 10, 2014
The D-galactose (D-gal)-induced animal model, generated by repeated subcutaneous D-gal injections over approximately 6 weeks, has been frequently used for diabetes and aging research. However, little research has investigated the direct correlation between D-gal and autoantibody formation despite several reports on diabetes-and aging-related autoantibodies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether repetitive injection of D-gal can induce autoantibody production in mice. First, we used Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) and Advanced Glycation End products (AGE)-BSA as the test antigens. The immunoreactivity of serum samples from mice treated with D-gal for 6 weeks was evaluated using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). We found that serum samples of D-gal-treated mice had significantly high antibody titers against both BSA and AGE-BSA. Furthermore, the result showed that aminoguanidine treatment, an AGE inhibitor tended to decrease this immunoreactivity. The results of competitive inhibition ELISA using BSA and AGE-BSA as the competitors suggested that the serum samples from D-gal-treated mice contained antibodies not only against BSA but also specific to AGE-BSA. To assess whether the immunoreactivity against BSA is comparable to that against Mouse Serum Albumin (MSA), we examined the reactivity of D-gal-induced antibodies against MSA. Unexpectedly, D-gal-induced antibodies did not react with MSA. This suggests that the production of antibodies by D-gal is in response to an unknown antigen(s), aside from MSA, in mice and that this unknown antigen(s) may share similar sequences or three-dimensional structures with BSA.
© 2014 Ji-Hun Park and Tae-Saeng Choi. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.