American Journal of Immunology

PREVALENCE OF AUTOANTIBODIES REVEALS A PREDOMINANT SMA AND ANCA-PR3/MPO PATTERN IN HIV INFECTION AND SMA IN HAV-INFECTED CHILDREN

Luz M. Navarta, Carlos A. Espul and Nelson Acosta-Rivero

DOI : 10.3844/ajisp.2014.144.155

American Journal of Immunology

Volume 10, Issue 3

Pages 144-155

Abstract

Hepatitis A Virus (HAV) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) have been associated with development of autoantibodies and autoimmune manifestations in children. Autoimmune Hepatitis (AIH) is particularly aggressive in children/adolescents with a more severe outcome. Thus, studying the mechanisms of virus-related autoimmune disorders in children is a relevant topic of research. We aimed to study the prevalence of autoantibodies in plasma of children infected with either HAV or HIV comparing to healthy children. The relationship between the presence of autoantibodies and biochemical markers of hepatic damage was also investigated. Detection of autoantibodies (SMA) was associated with HAV infection with a prevalence of 35%. Similar levels of hepatic enzymes were observed in sera of HAV-infected patients with reactivity against autoantigens as compared to those without autoantibodies. On the other hand, HIV infection showed broader autoantibodies reactivities than HAV-infected patients and was associated with SMA (18%), ANCA (20%), ANCA-PR3 (15%) and ANCA-MPO (13%). Moreover, either RF or ANA was detected in 8% of HIV-infected children. Prevalence of autoantibodies was not associated with either gender or age of infected children. A high prevalence of SMA was observed in HAV- and HIV-infected patients. As HAV and SMA may persit in some patients and AIH can develop in susceptible children, it is recommended a follow up of virus infected patients. Since ANCA-PR3 and ANCA-MPO have been shown to be pathogenic, proinflammatory and associated with symptomatic HIV infection, further studies are required to determine the role of these autoantibodies in the pathogenesis associated with viral infection in children.

Copyright

© 2014 Luz M. Navarta, Carlos A. Espul and Nelson Acosta-Rivero. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.