Cell-Based Therapies in the Prevention of Solid Organ Transplant Rejection
Adrian E. Morelli and Sherrie J. Divito
DOI : 10.3844/ajisp.2012.52.64
American Journal of Immunology
Volume 8, Issue 2
Problem statement: Organ transplantation is a life-saving and increasingly common procedure, as it often serves as the only treatment available for end-stage organ disease. Although the constant development of new and more effective immunosuppressive drugs has revolutionized the prevention and treatment of acute graft rejection, these drugs have significant toxicity, greatly increase patient susceptibility to neoplasms and infection and exert little impact on chronic rejection. Approach: The literature was reviewed to illuminate the mechanisms by which the anti-donor immune response is initiated and how cellular therapies impact this response. Results: Data show that Donor Specific Transfusion, Apoptotic Cell therapies and Dendritic Cell therapies all function as a source of alloantigen to suppress the anti-donor T cell response. Conclusion: Cellular therapies hold promise in the prevention of solid organ allograft rejection, but require optimization and study in large animal models before clinical implementation.
© 2012 Adrian E. Morelli and Sherrie J. Divito. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.