American Journal of Infectious Diseases

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY: LABORATORY DATA MINING IN SOUTH OF JORDAN

Hani Nawafleh, Amir M. Al Hroob, Mariam M. Kawafha and Khalil I Altaif

DOI : 10.3844/ajidsp.2014.137.141

American Journal of Infectious Diseases

Volume 10, Issue 3

Pages 137-141

Abstract

Introduction: To determine the prevalence of parasitic infection among the population of Ma’an governorate. Methodology: A retrospective data mining of retrieved and analysis laboratory stool specimens records of patients seen in Ma’an Hospital (in different specialties) during the period 1st January 2009 to 31 December 2009 were carried out for the detection of intestinal parasites. Results:-1999 Stool samples were examined; 338 were positive samples (16.9%). The highest incidence of intestinal parasites was during summer months (June -October) and the lowest was during winter months (December-January). Six different parasitic species were detected. The highest frequency was among adult males and females higher than children. Amoebiasis and Giardiasis (80.7% and 15.7%.respectively) were the commonest species detected while Entrobius. vermicularis (0.9%), Strongyloides. Stercoralis (0.6%) and hookworms (0.9%) were the least common. Conclusion:- Intestinal parasite is not a major public health problem in Ma’an governorate. Nevertheless a comprehensive health education program, improvements to environmental sanitation should be developed to keep this health problem under control and activate the role of community nursing to raise community health awareness. Furthermore, a wider survey should be conducted in different health centers in the governorate to obtain a better epidemiological picture of parasitic infection in this region.

Copyright

© 2014 Hani Nawafleh, Amir M. Al Hroob, Mariam M. Kawafha and Khalil I Altaif. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.