American Journal of Infectious Diseases

Prevention and Prophylaxis of Tick Bites and Tick-Borne Related Diseases

Lara Garcia-Alvarez, Ana Maria Palomar and Jose Antonio Oteo

DOI : 10.3844/ajidsp.2013.104.116

American Journal of Infectious Diseases

Volume 9, Issue 3

Pages 104-116

Abstract

Ticks are obligate haematophagous arthropods present all over the world able to produce human diseases. Several factors have increased the abundance, circulation and distribution of the pathogens transmitted by ticks, contributing to the change in the vector-borne diseases epidemiology in the last years. This review collects the most important measures for the prevention and prophylaxis of tick-borne diseases. The pre-exposition measures to avoid tick-borne diseases are based on the prevention of tick bites by avoiding tick-infested areas, using of protective clothing, repellents and controlling tick populations by physical, mechanical, biological and chemical methods. It is also reviewed other measures as the utility of educational programs and the use of human vaccines. On the other hand, we also review some key aspects referred to the measures to carry out after tick bites as how to remove a tick correctly and the utility of making an antibiotic prophylaxis.

Copyright

© 2013 Lara Garcia-Alvarez, Ana Maria Palomar and Jose Antonio Oteo. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.