American Journal of Infectious Diseases

Generation of Anti-platelet Autoantibody During Dengue Virus Infection

Kao-Jean Huang, Yee-Shin Lin, Hsiao-Sheng Liu, Trai-Ming Yeh, Ching-Chuan Liu and Huan-Yao Lei

DOI : 10.3844/ajidsp.2008.50.59

American Journal of Infectious Diseases

Volume 4, Issue 1

Pages 50-59

Abstract

Dengue virus infection causes dengue fever, Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). Thrombocytopenia is common in dengue fever and is always found in DHF/DSS. The pathogenesis of thrombocytopenia is poorly understood. To further understand the relationship between anti-dengue virus antibody and anti-platelet antibody, we generated monoclonal anti-dengue virus antibodies from the dengue virus infected mice that developed transient thrombocytopenia post dengue infection. The analysis of a panel of monoclonal anti-NS-1 antibodies reveals three different patterns of platelet binding: strong, intermediate, or dull. Their isotypes are different, some are IgM while others are IgG1. Most of anti-platelet antibodies are cross-reactive with NS-1 of dengue virus and can be competitively inhibited by recombinant NS-1 protein, suggesting a molecular mimicry between dengue virus NS-1 protein and platelet. A clone, 13-F4-G5, preferentially bound activated platelets, can recognize two or three proteins around 150 kD on platelets. The binding to platelet would lyse the platelet in the presence of complement or enhance the ADP-induced platelet aggregation. Furthermore, some of these monoclonal antibodies would also react with the cellular antigens of BHK. Based on the data, we conclude that dengue virus infection induces auto anti-platelet antibodies which thereafter may involve in the manifestation of thrombocytopenia. A molecular mimicry between NS-1 and platelet is demonstrated.

Copyright

© 2008 Kao-Jean Huang, Yee-Shin Lin, Hsiao-Sheng Liu, Trai-Ming Yeh, Ching-Chuan Liu and Huan-Yao Lei. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.