Subsidence Inferred from a Time Lapse Reservoir Study in a Niger Delta Field, Nigeria
Chukwuemeka Ngozi Ehirim and Tamunonengiyeofori Dagogo
DOI : 10.3844/ajgsp.2016.98.106
American Journal of Geoscience
Volume 6, Issue 2
Production-induced subsidence due to compressibility and fluid property changes in a Niger delta field has been investigated using well log and 4D seismic data sets. The objective of the study is to evaluate changes in time lapse seismic attributes due to hydrocarbon production and infer to probable ground subsidence. Petrophysical modeling and analysis of well data revealed that Density (ρ), Lambda rho (λρ) and Acoustic impedance (Ip) are highly responsive to changes in reservoir properties. These properties and water saturation attribute were subsequently, extracted from time-lapse seismic volumes in the immediate vicinity of well locations. Result show that monitor horizon slices exhibit appreciable increases in ρ, λρ, Ip and water saturation values compared to the base data, especially around the well locations. These increases in relative values of rock/attribute properties between the time-lapse surveys for a constant overburden stress are obvious indications of pore pressure and fluid depletion in the reservoir. Depletion in these properties increases the effective stress (pressure) and the grain-to-grain contact of the reservoir matrix, with a corresponding decrease in compressibility. Consequently, pore and matrix volume decreases, the reservoir compacts and the ground subsides. However, this is suspected to be small and at the reservoir scale due to low initial reservoir porosity and the relatively large lateral dimension compared to the thickness of the reservoir.
© 2016 Chukwuemeka Ngozi Ehirim and Tamunonengiyeofori Dagogo. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.