Heterogeneities and Intra Sand-Body Compartmentalization in Late Oligocene Delta-Front Deposit, Niger Delta, Nigeria
Raphael Oaikhena Oyanyan and Michael Ndubuisi Oti
DOI : 10.3844/ajgsp.2016.47.64
Current Research in Geoscience
Volume 6, 2016
This paper presents the study of the heterogeneity in lithofacies, porosity, permeability, mineral grain density, pore-throats sizes and hydraulic rock types and the intra sand-body compartmentalization in cored delta-front deposit of Greater Ughelli depobelt of Niger Delta. Sedimentological study of core samples results in the identification of nine lithofacies and the interpretation of environments of deposition as mainly proximal and distal delta-front mouth bar. The sand unit indicates moderate to excellent reservoir quality with core porosity between 16.2 and 29.5% and permeability between 16.8 and 7,560 md. Dykstra-Parsons core permeability distribution coefficient of 0.97 indicates that the studied reservoir sand-body is vertically highly heterogeneous, with high potential for vertical intra sand-body compartmentalization. Graphical cluster analysis of Flow Zone Indicators (FZI) led to the identification of nine Hydraulic Flow Units (HFU) with distribution controlled by depositional facies. The prediction of permeability, porethroats (r35) and flow zone indicator values of the reservoir in an uncored-well using predictive mathematical models developed with multiple regression analysis enabled the inter-well correlation of hydraulic flow units and indicates lateral continuity of reservoir compartments. An intra sand-body compartmentalization evaluated with core permeability values, Winland r35 coefficients and flow zone indicators was corroborated with formation pressure data analysis. Results show that the studied delta front-mouth bar reservoir is vertically compartmentalized by intercalated shales. Fractures in over-pressured zones were found to reduce vertical reservoir fluid compartmentalization by intercalated shales. However, reduction in reservoir pressure due to hydrocarbon production can result in dynamic compartmentalization and consequently, reduction in hydrocarbon recovery.
© 2016 Raphael Oaikhena Oyanyan and Michael Ndubuisi Oti. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.