American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Vermicompost Incorporation into Soil Contaminated with Deltamethrin as an Attempt to Reduce the Toxicity Caused by this Pyrethroid: A Structural Study of Soil

Fernanda Benetti, Lívia B.F. Pigatin, Michelle M. Kanashiro, Rut Naiara Rodrigues and Maria O.O. Rezende

DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2017.297.306

American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 13, Issue 4

Pages 297-306

Abstract

The use of vermicompost for remediating soil contaminated with the commercial formulation containing deltamethrin was proposed. Biotoxicity tests with the goal of evaluating the potential remediation degree of the vermicompost after its addition to contaminated soils were performed. The tests lasted 56 days and involved Eisenia foetida earthworms. Possible structural changes in humic acids from these soils were evaluated by means of FTIR spectroscopy. The soil contaminated with deltamethrin offers toxicity to the earthworms. However, the vermicompost addition caused great positive impact on soil contamination level, which became quite similar to the reference soil. The vermicompost remedial effect depends on the source material. In this study the vermicompost were from filter cake and orange peel. The results obtained by FTIR pointed out for a weak interaction such as van der Waals type between the pyretroid and humic acids.

Copyright

© 2017 Fernanda Benetti, Lívia B.F. Pigatin, Michelle M. Kanashiro, Rut Naiara Rodrigues and Maria O.O. Rezende. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.