Comparison of Stochastic and Deterministic Methods for Mapping Environmental Noise from Opencast Quarries
Dario Lippiello, Guido Alfaro Degan and Mario Pinzari
DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2016.68.76
American Journal of Environmental Sciences
Volume 12, Issue 2
An accurate mapping of the acoustic spatial variability generated by quarrying plants constitutes an important step in the assessment of the environmental compatibility of the extraction site with the surrounding area. This paper refers to the results of a study comparing performances obtained by stochastic and deterministic methods to determine the acoustic climate of the areas surrounding opencast quarries. To this aim noise levels are monitored in the areas surrounding a limestone quarry site in central Italy. In the first phase an analytical prediction model, based on ISO 9613 and ISO 3746, is developed using the sampled sound power level of each source as input data. In the second phase, in contrast, the stochastic method of Ordinary Kriging is used to plot an acoustic map. This is drawn up by interpolating the scattered sound pressure level data from sampled points which are identified as nodes of a rectangular grid covering the chosen area. The analytical prediction model output, which consists in the sound pressure level at various target points, is then compared with the homologous map obtained from the Ordinary Kriging method. Finally the resulting maps are evaluated with respect to statistical measures and cross validation procedures in order to determine the most suitable method.
© 2016 Dario Lippiello, Guido Alfaro Degan and Mario Pinzari. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.