American Journal of Environmental Sciences

An Assessment of GHGs Reduction Potential from Bio-Electricity Generation: Agricultural Waste-to-Energy Project in Thailand as a Case Study

Kittipongvises Suthirat and Polprasert Chongrak

DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2016.291.298

American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 12, Issue 4

Pages 291-298

Abstract

Driven by concerns of energy security and global climate change, this study aimed to investigate the potential of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions reduction from bio-electricity project in Thailand. A cogeneration plant in which deploying biomass residues from sugar cane production was selected as a case study. By considering the ACM0006 method, namely “Consolidated methodology for electricity and heat generation from biomass”, the findings indicated that the utilization of about 1,320,000 tonnes per year of excess bagasse and 100,000 tonnes per year of rice husk residues could potentially lower the amount of GHGs emissions approximately 102,441.09 tCO2e per year. Under this scheme, over 90% of total baseline emissions came from electricity generation by biomass residues. Meanwhile, biomass combustion was considered to be the main source of GHGs emissions compared to other activities. Lack of systematic data collection and cohesion in calculation methods were the key barriers to development of bio-energy project in Thailand.

Copyright

© 2016 Kittipongvises Suthirat and Polprasert Chongrak. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.