American Journal of Environmental Sciences

DEVELOPMENT OF ARCHIMEDEAN’S PIPE-SCREW FOR THAI SAIL WINDPUMP

Ronnakorn Thepwong, Issaree Hansacharoonroj, Joseph Khedari, Tawit Chitsomboon, Jongjit Hirunlabh and Sombat Teekasap

DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2014.244.259

American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 10, Issue 3

Pages 244-259

Abstract

This study describes new considerations in the design and development of Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw especially for water pumping in case of low head high volume form open farm pond at Rajamangala University of Technology Rattanakosin, Thailand. The objectives of this research is to develop an Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw especially for water pumping in case of low head high volume form open farm pond used for water pumping with Thai sail windmill, at any location of low wind speed of Thailand and tests the performance of an Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw Model (APSM). The experimental was carried out on diameter of Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw is Φ5/8", the pitch Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw (P) is 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 1.8 and 2.0 D for angle slope of the screw with the horizontal (α) is 20, 25, 30°C in laboratory scale Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw model. Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw tests were conducted to assess the performance of characteristics of Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw model. A model of pump has been manufactured; 1.0 m long with the blade small rubber tube was constructed. The output of the experiments recommenced for development the prototype of Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw for the Thai sail wind pump. The prototype of pump has been manufactured, 4.0 m long, 8 m diameter. This wind pump has twelve triangular sails sweeping a circle of 8 m diameter. For the construction of this Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw wind pump all efforts were made to use maximize materials and local parts available in the market for large scale of Archimedean’s screw-pipe for Thai sail wind pump. The cost of material and parts is 145,000 Baht excluding the cost of machining and fabrication. Water discharge was in the range 0.005-0.081 lps. It can be seen maximum water discharge of pitch Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw (P) is 1.4D at 80 rpm for α = 20° was 0.081 lps. For the result of prototype of Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw for Thai sail wind pump, it was found that the curves for the prototype of Thai sail windmill coupled to twelve Archimedean’s Pipe-Screw pump of wind speed and the discharge of was increased depending on wind speed. The discharge amount varied between 9.56-38.23 m3/h at head of 1.5 m in wind speeds from 1.0-5.0 m s-1 that the overall efficiency of this windmill for water pumping was highest (76.96%) at wind speed of 1.4 m s-1.

Copyright

© 2014 Ronnakorn Thepwong, Issaree Hansacharoonroj, Joseph Khedari, Tawit Chitsomboon, Jongjit Hirunlabh and Sombat Teekasap. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.