American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Investigation of Deforestation on the Runoff-Peak by KINFIL Model

Alireza Mardookhpour and Leila Ooshaksaraie

DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2011.505.509

American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 7, Issue 6

Pages 505-509

Abstract

Problem statement: In present study the KINFIL model was used for the catchment management, including the investigation of deforestation on predict flood runoff assessment with a significant precision. Approach: The KINFIL rainfall-runoff model has been used for the reconstruction of the rainfall runoff events in agricultural land use. The implementation of the KINFIL model supported by GIS proved to be a proper method for the flood runoff assessment on Sepidroud catchments (north of Iran), during which different scenarios of the rainfall events. Results: The results show when the observed discharge peak was 2.25 m3 sec-1, the computed discharge by the KINFIL model predicted 2.4 m3 sec-1 (about 7% errors) and when the observed discharge peak was 1.9 m3 sec-1, the computed discharge by the KINFIL model predicted 1.8 m3 sec-1 (about 5% errors). Also, the results showed when deforestation reaches 10% of total primitive areas in Sepidroud basin; the runoff-peak may increase more than 14.5 times. Conclusion/Recommendations: It can be stated that utilizing KINFIL model for determining the peak of discharge in agricultural land use, is a hydrological model, which has the good convergence with observed data.

Copyright

© 2011 Alireza Mardookhpour and Leila Ooshaksaraie. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.