Determination of Sediment Profile for 210Pb, Pb, U and Th from Sultan Abu Bakar Dam Due to Soil Erosion from Highland Agriculture Area, Cameron Highlands, Malaysia
Zaini Hamzah, Seh Datul Riduan and Ahmad Saat
DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2011.263.268
American Journal of Environmental Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 3
Problem statement: Sultan Abu Bakar Dam in Cameron Highlands act as a catchment’s to accumulate all eroded soil carried by the run off flow through Bertam River, the main river that passes through the highland agriculture area. All suspended solid that carried out by the river contain various kind of hazard potential to the environment. U, Th and Pb are the potential hazard elements carried out by water and accumulate at the dam. Approach: Five sampling point were selected where five 30cm core collected at each sampling point. Each core were sliced at 2cm and homogenized. 210Pb in homogenize sliced was determine using Alpha Spectrometry method. Plot of concentration against depth produce vertical distribution profile of the elements. This study will measure the activity of 210Pb in sediment at Sultan Abu Bakar Dam and measure the concentration of U, Th and Pb using Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) technique. Results: The concentration of 210Pb, Pb, U and Th was found that there is no obvious distribution pattern was observed in the depth profile. Activity of 210Pb ranged between 134.4-323.4 Bq kg-1 while the concentration of total U, Th and Pb range between 21.51-28.81, 40.73-69.58 and 53.62-72.68 mg kg-1 respectively. Conclusion: Accumulation of U was observed at one of the study point. This observation maybe attributed due to the high rate of vertical accumulation of sediment when it enter the dam.
© 2011 Zaini Hamzah, Seh Datul Riduan and Ahmad Saat. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.