American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Natural Activities of 238U, 232Th and 40K in Manganese Ore

H. A. Abel-Ghany

DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2010.90.94

American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 6, Issue 1

Pages 90-94


Problem statement: Manganese ore is widely used in much industries. Such as ore contain natural radioactive nuclides at various concentrations. If this ore contain high concentrations of natural radioactive nuclides, workers handling them might be exposed to significant levels of radiation. Therefore it is important to determine the radioactive nuclides in this ore. Approach: The natural radionuclides (238U, 232Th and 40K) contents of Manganese ore samples collected by Siani Manganese Company in Egypt-Cairo have been determined by low background spectroscopy using hyper-pure germanium (HPGe) detector. Results: The mean activities due to the three radionuclides (238U, 232Th and40K) were found to be 3543±106, 222±6.6 and 3483±104 Bqkg-1, respectively. The absorbed dose rate due to the natural radioactivity in samples under investigation ranged from 1522±45-1796±53 nGyh-1. The radium equivalent activity varied from 3807±114-4446±133 Bqkg-1. The representative external hazard index values for the corresponding samples are also estimated. Conclusion: The results of this assessment obtained by the gamma-ray spectroscopic analysis, have indicated that the levels of natural radioactivity were higher than the international recommended limits.


© 2010 H. A. Abel-Ghany. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.