American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Modelisation of Nitrification under Inhibited Environment by Moving Bed Bio-Film Reactor Technique

Pham Thi Hong Duc, Le Van Cat and Jean-Luc Vasel

DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2010.553.559

American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 6, Issue 6

Pages 553-559

Abstract

Problem statement: Nitrification by Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) involves physical, chemical and biological processes to remove toxic ammonia for aquaculture that are governed by a variety of parameters, like substrate and dissolved oxygen concentrations, organic matters, temperature, pH, alkalinity and turbulence level, which impact negatively or positively on nitrification kinetics. Approach: The situation becomes more serious as the reaction rate is inhibited by low ammonium concentration and high salinity. That problems usually occur in treatment systems of aquatic breeding hatcheries. Results: In this study, experiments have been conducted to evaluate the impact of salinity on nitrification rate through kinetic constant (k) and reaction order (n) based on general equation v = kCn. Moving bed biofilm reactor was operated continuously at same initial amounts of nitrogen and Phosphorus very low (oligotrophic conditions). Firstly, over view the impact of salinity on kinetic rate to modeling that effect k and n to modelisation that affects and obtained the impact of salinity content in the reaction medium (X) and the acclimatization phase (Y) on the kinetic constant (k = 0.097 e (-0.0003Y?0.0346)X) and on the kinetic order (n = (0.0002Y-0.0195) X-0.009Y + 1.2382). Conclusion/Recommendations: Results from kinetic analysis allowed the prediction of the reaction rate and reaction yield with rather high accuracy, helping the design and operation of a biofilter under practical conditions.

Copyright

© 2010 Pham Thi Hong Duc, Le Van Cat and Jean-Luc Vasel. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.