American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Validating Trace Metals Levels in PM2.5 Aerosols from Indoor and Outdoor Polluting Premises

A. H. Bu-Olayan and B. V. Thomas

DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2010.224.229

American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 6, Issue 3

Pages 224-229

Abstract

Problem statement: Our studies revealed high trace metals concentrations in PM2.5 aerosols from Residential Buildings (RB-I) and enclosed Car Parks (CP-I) indoor than in outdoor Residential Buildings (RB-O) and Car Parks Outdoor (CP-O), indicating possible dust accumulation in confined premises from six Kuwait Governorate areas. Approach: Trace metals in PM2.5 was high in the sequence of Bed Room (BR) >kitchen (FR) >Living Room (LR) due to improper ventilation and space-resident ratio. Results: Buildings Without Cars Parks (WCP) showed low PM2.5 trace metals concentrations when compared to buildings with Car Parks (CP). High PM2.5 trace metals in Governorate-IV were reflected by commercialization. Analysis showed high Al and Fe concentrations in all the categorized samples. The I/O ratio was >1 in all the samples indicating the influence of indoor attributes superseding the outdoor pollution sources. Conclusion/Recommendations: This study characterizes the trace metals variations in different areas, buildings with and without car parks and building components besides the application of preventive measures to air pollution.

Copyright

© 2010 A. H. Bu-Olayan and B. V. Thomas. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.