American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Associated Health Effects among Residences Near Jeleeb Al-Shuyoukh Landfill

K. Schrapp and N. Al-Mutairi

DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2010.184.190

American Journal of Environmental Sciences

Volume 6, Issue 2

Pages 184-190

Abstract

Problem statement: There is growing concern about landfill adverse health effects from exposure to landfill emissions. Approach: Airborne dust samples from houses near Jeleeb Al-Shuyoukh landfill and control residences were analyzed for molds and bacteria and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) each month for one year. Results: The number of mold species was greater in the residences close to Jeleeb Al-Shuyoukh landfill than in the control. A number of additional VOCs irritating to the skin, eyes, or respiratory tract were also found. Conclusion: The results from this pilot study illustrated the diversity of microorganisms and VOCs present in Jeleeb Al-Shuyoukh environment and suggested that analysis of airborne dust may help assess human exposure to microorganisms and chemical compounds. In addition, a cross-sectional study was explored in Jeleeb Al-Shuyoukh and Al-Jahra residence, through a series of door-to-door survey of 451 residents. The findings of the health survey indicated a higher prevalence of dermatological, neuromuscular, respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms among people living in the area surrounding the landfill than among the control group’s participants. Furthermore, the hygienic survey indicated a high amount of airborne dust, bacteria and fungi within the breathing zone of the residences near the landfill.

Copyright

© 2010 K. Schrapp and N. Al-Mutairi. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.