Seasonal Distribution of Organic Carbon in the Surface Sediments of the Terengganu Nearshore Coastal Area
S. Hasrizal, B. Y. Kamaruzzaman, I. Sakri, M. C. Ong and M.S. Noor Azhar
DOI : 10.3844/ajessp.2009.111.115
American Journal of Environmental Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 1
Problem statement: The distribution of organic carbon in the surface sediment is a crucial indicator for current productivity in the ocean especially in the nearshore area. The difference of organic carbon in the surface sediment reflects the influence of current movement on the bottom sediment. Approach: This study was carried out to oversee the difference of organic carbon distribution during pre and post-monsoon seasons. For the purpose of the study, 42 surface sediments in the Terengganu near shore area were collected and determined for organic carbon by using the wet dichromate acid method. Results: The concentration of organic carbon was significantly different between the seasons showing a relatively higher content during pre-monsoon seasons. In this study, the average concentration of organic carbon in pre-monsoon was 1.14±0.29% and varied from 0.60-1.80%. Meanwhile during post-monsoon seasons, the average concentration of organic carbon was slightly lower to 0.82±0.23% and ranged from 0.24-1.32%. Conclusion: Generally, the average concentration of organic carbon in South China Sea was low compared to the occurrence in riverine environment as well as the mangrove environment.
© 2009 S. Hasrizal, B. Y. Kamaruzzaman, I. Sakri, M. C. Ong and M.S. Noor Azhar. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.