American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

NASA Satellites Help us to Quickly Detect Forest Fires

Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Taher M. Abu-Lebdeh, Antonio Apicella and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2018.288.296

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 11, Issue 1

Pages 288-296


The main idea is that, as the forests of the planet are getting smaller, too much wood is cut and the forests are made too slow, there are also large forest fires due to excessive heat, of people arguing with the law, or simply by chance. Extinguishing fires are generally difficult, interventions being difficult anyway due to the increased fire, the heavy access of the firefighters to the forest, the wind that often attacks the fire and especially due to the late intervention of the specialized firefighters. A first aid could come from finding out the moment when such a fire broke out and instantly signaling it with modern wireless systems. Today, the planet's best surveillance system is the one made with artificial geostationary satellites, which instantly signals the outbreak of the fire. The system set up by NASA is indeed the most efficient possible. Find out quickly by the outbreak of fire the chances for him to be controlled quickly grow very much. NASA's satellite tools are often the first to detect fires that are burning in distant regions and new fire locations are sent directly to field managers around the world in a few hours of satellite travel. Together, NASA's tools, including a number built and run by the JAS NASA lab in Pasadena, California, have detected fire-fighting actions by tracking fires by providing information on fire management and stair scaling in scar scars. NASA has a fleet of earth observation tools, many of which contribute to our understanding of the Earth's fire. Satellites in orbit around the poles provide observations of the entire planet several times a day, while satellites in geostationary orbit offer rough resolution images of fire, smoke and clouds every five to fifteen minutes. "NASA's satellite, land and space survey captures the total impact of the fire on the Earth, from early detection of smoke and ecosystems to decades after the fire," said Doug Morton, a researcher at Greenbelt, Maryland. Much of the remote sensing data that NASA collects for fires is quickly available to help disaster response efforts around the world. The NASA earthquake program supports this application science and mobilizes for high-risk global events that cover a range of natural hazards - not only fires, but also earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, landslides, severe weather, winter, tropical cyclones and volcanoes. In this study we want to propose the future use of robots instead of humans for such dangerous fire-fighting interventions in a forest in flame. Robotic and automated vehicles may be prepared to take over this difficult task for man, extinguishing such a fire making it simpler and less dangerous for humans.


© 2018 Relly Victoria Virgil Petrescu, Raffaella Aversa, Taher M. Abu-Lebdeh, Antonio Apicella and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.