American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Elementary Structure of Matter can be Studied with New Quantum Computers

Nicolae Petrescu and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2018.1062.1075

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 11, Issue 2

Pages 1062-1075

Abstract

Much has been talked about quantum computers. Today they are working on difficult simulations, so we can already congratulate the college of researchers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory as the world's first to successfully simulate an atomic nucleus using a quantum computer. The results that were published in the physical examination letters demonstrate the huge capacity of quantum systems to calculate the problems of nuclear physics and to be able to be successfully used in the future for special and complex simulations. It is already known that quantum calculus, which is based on the quantum principles of matter and which was proposed by American physicist Richard Feynman in the early 1980s, unlike the ordinary bits of normal computers today, uses the qubit units used by quantum computers to store information in two-state systems, such as electrons or photons, considered simultaneously in all possible quantum states (essentially a phenomenon known as overlapping). In October 2017, a multidisciplinary ORNL team began working on codes to perform various simulations on quantum computers such as IBM QX5 and Righetti 19Q within a DOE Quantum Testbed Pathfinder project in an effort to verify and validate various scientific applications on different types of quantum hardware. Today, quantum computers have potential applications in cryptography, artificial intelligence and weather forecasting, as each additional qubit clings in some way inextricably from the others, thus exponentially increasing the number of possible results for the final measured state. Obviously, this huge benefit also has negative effects on the system, because errors can in turn exponentially increase the size of the problem and the final results even. However, it is hoped that in the future on the basis of much-improved hardware, researchers will be able to solve problems that cannot be solved today using current calculation methods. In the present paper the authors propose an original method of rapid theoretical determination with great precision of the dimensions of all elementary particles, the method which, although predicting results similar to those obtained by other theoreticians, still has the advantage of its simplicity, of its general applicability, that is of its universality and especially this new method is a precious tool in the work of scientists worldwide to understand matter at its elementary level. Even though we would have expected that the size of a deuteron would be larger (double) than that of one component particle (of a proton or neutron), at the same velocity, the theory (20-21) demonstrates the opposite. By fusing two free nucleons, a proton and a neutron, a deuterium nucleus is obtained with smaller dimensions than its two components, which makes the energy of rejection between two Deuteron cores much larger than we would have waited. That's why the fusion reaction between two Deuterons is even more difficult than was suspected, even when they are accelerating.

Copyright

© 2018 Nicolae Petrescu and Florian Ion Tiberiu Petrescu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.