American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

A Review on Cognitive Radio for Next Generation Cellular Network and its Challenges

Nandhakumar Pandi and Arun Kumar

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2017.334.347

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 10, Issue 2

Pages 334-347

Abstract

Cognitive Radio (CR) is considered an intelligent technology. It improves the utilization of the radio spectrum. The increasing number of new devices has resulted in growing congestion of the ISM bands. FCC issued an order only permitting unlicensed users (secondary users) to operate in white space without interfering with licensed users (primary users). Cognitive Radio Networks (CRNs) provides a solution to the problem of additional spectrum requirements by utilizing the spectrum more efficiently. CR is able to sense the spectrum and share the spectrum with unlicensed users. There are number of popular spectrum sensing techniques in CR such as cyclostationary feature detection, energy detection and matched filter detection, which capture the best available spectrum. They use a spectrum dynamically in wireless communication network. A CR with multicarrier technique (OFDM and FBMC) are the next generation of advanced cellular network, which would provide better spectrum utilization and therefore have greater capacity. In this study we have described and reviewed CR technology and its numerous features that may play a very essential role in the field of next generation wireless communication networks.

Copyright

© 2017 Nandhakumar Pandi and Arun Kumar. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.