American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Liquid Crystalline Polymers Compatibilization and Adhesion Enhancement by Reactive Blending in Post-Consumers PET’s

Aversa Raffaella and Apicella Antonio

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2016.530.539

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 9, Issue 3

Pages 530-539

Abstract

A method for PET mechanical properties enhancement by reactive blending with HBA/HNA Liquid Crystalline Polymers for in situ highly fibrillar composites preparation is presented. LCP/PET blends were reactive extruded in presence of Pyromellitic Di-Anhydride (PMDA) and then characterized by Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Thermally Stimulated Currents and tensile mechanical properties. The formation of specific macromolecular structures, where the PET, the LCP and the reactive additive are involved, has been hypothesized in the reactively extruded blends from TSC analysis evidences. The use of a reactive additive improved the matrix LCP compatibilization and adhesion as indicated by the SEM analysis and mechanical testing. Moderate amounts of LCP in the PET (0.5 and 5%) and small amounts of thermo-active and reactive compatibilizer in the blend (0.3%) were found to significantly improve LCP melt dispersion, melts shear transfer and LCP fibril formation and adhesion. Blends of PET and LCP containing the compatibilizer favored the formation of a well dispersed and homogeneous fibrillar phase whose particle size distribution did not show great coarsening and coalescence leading to significant elastic properties improvements from 0.8 for not compatibilized to 3.1 GPa for compatibilized 0.5% LCP loaded PET blends that was even higher than those expected from ordinary theoretical calculation. This unexpected improvement was probably due to the presence of two distinct phases’ supra-molecular structures involving PET-LCP and PMDA.

Copyright

© 2016 Aversa Raffaella and Apicella Antonio. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.