American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Castor Oil Based Epoxy/Clay Nanocomposite for Advanced Applications

Aditi Saikia and Niranjan Karak

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2016.31.40

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 9, Issue 1

Pages 31-40

Abstract

Bio-based hyperbranched and linear epoxy resins were synthesized from monoglyceride of Ricinus communis oil. The nanocomposites of these hyperbranched and linear epoxies with 1, 2 and 3 wt% of OMMT were also fabricated. The structures of the resins and their nanocomposites were analyzed by FTIR, NMR, XRD, SEM and TEM. The studies of performance characteristics of poly(amido amine) cured thermosetting nanocomposites showed significant improvements in tensile strength from 5.8 to 11.9 MPa, impact from 80 to >100 cm, scratch resistance from 4 to 9 kg, thermal stability from 213 to 316°C and chemical resistance over their pristine systems. Further, hyperbranched nanocomposites and bio-based epoxy thermosets exhibited better performance than the linear and petroleum based ones. The overall results, therefore, demonstrated hyperbranched epoxy/clay nanocomposites as potential materials for advanced applications.

Copyright

© 2016 Aditi Saikia and Niranjan Karak. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.