American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Semi Active Tuned Mass Dampers of Buildings: A Simple Control Option

Demetris Demetriou, Nikolaos Nikitas and Konstantinos Daniel Tsavdaridis

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2015.620.632

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 8, Issue 4

Pages 620-632

Abstract

The present study investigates the effectiveness of a Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controlled Variable Damping Semi-Active Tuned Mass Damper (VD-STMD) on reducing the vibration response of an earthquake excited multi-storey structure. The effectiveness of the controlled system is evaluated by comparing the structure’s overall dynamic behavior against that of an equivalent similar structure equipped with a conventional optimally designed passive Tuned Mass Damper (TMD). The numerical simulations show that the structure equipped with the PID controlled VD-STMD has improved vibration attenuation metrics when compared to the one equipped with the optimal TMD. From the numerical simulations, it was also evident that when material degradation and structural damage is considered, the TMD becomes instantly de-tuned resulting in reduced vibration mitigation performance. On the contrary, the VD-STMD controlled system remains insensitive to the stiffness parametric variation, suggesting the suitability of such systems in structural applications sustaining damage or in general change.

Copyright

© 2015 Demetris Demetriou, Nikolaos Nikitas and Konstantinos Daniel Tsavdaridis. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.