American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

A NOVEL PRESSURIZED ZONAL MODEL USING THE MOMENTUM EQUATION

Yao Yu and Ahmed Cherif Megri

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2014.77.87

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 7, Issue 1

Pages 77-87

Abstract

Zonal models combine the simplicity of single and multi-zone models with the comprehensiveness of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) models and thus become a better substitute to predict detailed thermal and airflow behaviors in building. Based on a geometric partitioning of a room into a number of subzones, these models give more accurate and detailed results than the single or multi-zone modeling approaches and use less computer resource than CFD models. Nevertheless, most of the zonal models have to face a difficulty involving the limits of the simplification that need to be considered without losing accuracy and comprehensiveness. A new zonal model, called Pressurized zOnal Model using the Momentum Equation (POMME), has been developed, in which a simplified numerical model, representing various heat and mass transfer conservation equations is used. The program solver is similar to those used for CFD programs and is based on the finite-volume numerical techniques, the staggered grid formulation, the Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equations (SIMPLE) algorithm and other methods. The validation of this new zonal model has been accomplished by comparing its results with those obtained from the CFD software: PHOENICS. The results demonstrate not only the strength of the zonal model POMME in predicting the indoor airflow and thermal conditions, without the involvement of additional sub-models, but also its ability to provide relatively accurate results for building enclosures.

Copyright

© 2014 Yao Yu and Ahmed Cherif Megri. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.