American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Density Based Routing Algorithm for Spare/Dense Topologies in Wireless Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks

Essam Natsheh and Khalid Buragga

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2010.312.319

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 3, Issue 2

Pages 312-319

Abstract

Problem statement: A Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks (MANETs) operate in environments without infrastructures with an undefined network size. Most routing protocols of Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) were studied using open space models where nodes were able to move throughput the entire simulation area. However, a more realistic topology should account for restricted mobility of nodes, such as in an urban city setting where there may be concentrations of nodes within specific areas (such as within buildings) and low density of nodes in other areas (such as in parks and roadways). Consequently, the simulation area should be partitioned into smaller sub-areas with varying densities to model such topologies, called spare/dense topologies. Approach: This study characterized the effect of spare/dense topologies on MANET routing performance and proposes an extension for an existing routing protocol to work in such topologies. Results: The proposed protocol improved the performance of MANETs by reducing the communication overhead incurred during the routing processes by implementing a new broadcast algorithm. The proposed broadcast algorithm was based on the density and connectivity of the nodes and not just the number of nodes. Conclusion: Compared with simple flooding, the proposed algorithm can improve the saved broadcast up to 50% without affecting reach ability, even under conditions of high mobility and density.

Copyright

© 2010 Essam Natsheh and Khalid Buragga. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.