A Dynamic Voltage Restorer for Voltage Sag Mitigation in a Refinery with Induction Motors Loads
Tarek I. El-Shennawy, Abdel-Mon’em Moussa, Mahmoud A. El-Gammal and Amr Y. Abou-Ghazala
DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2010.144.151
American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 1
Problem statement: ANRPC is a refinery based in Alexandria, Egypt. The plant was subjected to several shutdowns due to tripping of large induction motors, either by under voltage or by over current relays, sometimes by the mechanical protection. The main cause for such unplanned shutdowns was voltage sags. The Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) has recently been introduced to protect the industrial facilities from voltage sags and other voltage disturbances. Existing configurations and control techniques for the DVR aim at protecting industries of high-tech, loads with adjustable speed drives and other power-electronic based loads. Industries with induction motors loads require a complete different approach for the design and control of a suitable DVR. Owing to the inherit inertia of the induction motors and their capability to withstand short-duration, shallow sags, in addition to its tolerance to phase jumps, a DVR with low cost, fast response and simple controller could be configured to fulfill the voltage restoration requirements. Approach: In this study, a simple DVR was proposed, which utilized the classical Fourier Transform (FT) for sag detection and quantification, a controller based on feed-foreword technique which utilized the error signal (difference between the reference voltage and actual measured voltage) to trigger the switches of an inverter using a Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) scheme. The proposed DVR utilized energy from other available feeder or from energy storage unit through a rectifier. Modeling and simulation of the proposed DVR was implemented in the Matlab/Simulink workspace. Results: Simulation results showed that the proposed DVR was efficient in mitigating balanced, unbalanced, multistage and consecutive sags, as well as swells (over-voltages). The main shortcoming of the DVR, being a series device, is its inability to mitigate complete interruptions. Conclusion: The DVR should be configured with respect to the load requirements. With respect to induction motors loads with inherit inertia and insensitivity to phase jumps, the proposed DVR would be of lower cost, simpler controller and faster response.
© 2010 Tarek I. El-Shennawy, Abdel-Mon’em Moussa, Mahmoud A. El-Gammal and Amr Y. Abou-Ghazala. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.