American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

High Temperature Convective Drying of a Packed Bed with Humid Air at Different Humidities

J. Sghaier, S. Messai, D. Lecomte and A. Belghith

DOI : 10.3844/ajeassp.2009.61.69

American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Volume 2, Issue 1

Pages 61-69

Abstract

Problem statement: Drying a packed bed of porous particle at high temperature with varying humidity of hot air is an attractive process. Many researches on experimental and simulation on a fixed bed drying at low and average temperature are proposed. Few studies showed drying at high temperature with humid air or using superheated steam. The latest is compared to dry air. Approach: In this study, we present an experimental and numerical study of humid air drying of a fixed bed of moist porous alumina particles. The air velocity, the air temperature and the vapor pressure were varied from 1.7-2.3 m sec-1, 120-160°C and 0.1-0.6 bar, respectively and the experiments were performed at atmospheric pressure. Then a mathematical model describing heat and mass transfer during drying is developed. This model is based on the averaging volume approach using two scale changes. Results: From the experimental works, the solid temperature and the bed moisture content have been presented at different drying conditions. The previous results show that an increase in humidity leads to an increase of the wet bulb temperature and a decrease in the drying time. At the same drying temperature, the variation in the gas velocity affects also the drying time. In addition, we note that the drying time increases if the bed depth increases. The predicted results deduced from the developed model were compared with the experiment. Conclusion: The experimental and predicted results obtained from this study describing drying of a packed bed illustrate clearly the effect of the air humidity on the drying kinetics.

Copyright

© 2009 J. Sghaier, S. Messai, D. Lecomte and A. Belghith. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.