American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

The Influence of Partial Substitution of Potassium by Sodium on the Growth Effect of Sugarcane

Chao Zheng, Yong-Xiang Huang, Jin Li, Qi-wei Li, Zhen-rui Huang, Jun-hua Ao and Ke-xing Liu

DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2018.168.174

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Volume 14, Issue 2

Pages 168-174

Abstract

The effects of different potassium and sodium levels on the growth of Taisugar No. 22 (ROC22) were studied by potted nutrient solution-sand culture experiment in this paper. The results showed that under low potassium stress (0 mmol/L) supply, the proper application of sodium could significantly promote photosynthesis of sugarcane and dry matter accumulation, reduce root shoot ratio and promote shoot growth. When low potassium (0.2 mmol/L) was applied, the proper application of sodium could reduce the root shoot ratio of sugarcane. When high potassium (2 mmol/L) was applied, the proper application of sodium could significantly promote the growth of sugarcane root and increase root shoot ratio. In the case of low potassium or high potassium, the rational application of sodium can promote photosynthesis of sugarcane, while excessive sodium can inhibit photosynthesis. Thereby, sodium can be used as a substitute for partial potassium to promote the growth of sugarcane in the soil with low available potassium and water-soluble sodium.

Copyright

© 2018 Chao Zheng, Yong-Xiang Huang, Jin Li, Qi-wei Li, Zhen-rui Huang, Jun-hua Ao and Ke-xing Liu. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.