American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Effect of Camel's Milk on Cisplatin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Swiss Albino Mice

Mohamed M.E. Afifi

DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2010.141.147

American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Volume 6, Issue 2

Pages 141-147

Abstract

Problem statement: Nephrotoxicity is a major complication and a dose limiting factor for cisplatin therapy. Cisplatin mediated nephrotoxicity is remarkably documented by reactive oxygen species. Camel's milk has good nutritive value, antigenotoxic and anticytotoxic effects. The aim of the present study was to assess the protective effect of camel's milk against Cisplatin-induced renal oxidative stress in mice. Approach: Forty mal Swiss albino mice were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10). Group I, control group. Group II was received cisplatin (12 mg kg-1) for 5 alternate days. Group III was received camel's milk (33 mL kg-1) for consecutive 30 days. Group IV was received camel's milk (33 mL kg-1) for consecutive 30 days before administration of Cisplatin. Results: Cisplatin-induced oxidative stress was indicated by increased level of tissue Malondialdehyde (MDA), serum creatinine and urea, decreased the concentration of reduced Glutathione (GSH), Vitamin C (Vit. C) and Vitamin E (Vit. E) and decreased both activities and gene expression of Superoxid Dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT), Glutathione Raductase (GR) and Glutathione Peroxidase (GPx). Camel's milk reduced these biochemical changes and counteracted the deleterious effects of cisplatin Conclusion: The present study demonstrated the renoprotective potential of camel's milk against cisplatin-induced oxidative stress and renal dysfunction in mice. Hence, camel's milk has a potential to be used as therapeutic adjuvant in cisplatin nephrotoxicity.

Copyright

© 2010 Mohamed M.E. Afifi. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.