Essential Oil Component in Flower of Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis L.)
Jafer Adinee, Khosro Piri and Omid Karami
DOI : 10.3844/ajbbsp.2008.277.278
American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Volume 4, Issue 3
This research focuses on the analysis of the chemical composition lemon balm essential oil. The essential oil of flowers was obtained by steam distillation with a Clevenger apparatus. The chemical components of the essential oil of lemon balm were analyzed by capillary GC and GC/MS and 12 substances were identified. The flower oil contained trans-carveol (28.89%), citronellol (25.24%), δ-3-carene (5.26%), citronellal (4.9%), geraniol (2.2%), 1-octene-3-ol (2.03%) and spathulenol (2.06%). The trans-carveol in flowers was dominant among components.
© 2008 Jafer Adinee, Khosro Piri and Omid Karami. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.