American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Different Eye Physiology of Mud Crab (Scylla Serrata) in Different Life Stage Found in Semarang Territorial Waters

Aristi Dian Purnama Fitri, Herry Boesono, Agus Sabdono and Fahresa Nugraheni

DOI : 10.3844/ajavsp.2018.27.35

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Volume 13, Issue 1

Pages 27-35

Abstract

Mud crabs use their eyes function to guide their movement activities i.e., to avoid predator and to support their environment orientation. In tropical environment such as Indonesia, mud crabs live in mangrove area as their habitat. To support their visual acuity, mud crabs depend on the number of con sell as photoreceptor and carapace width. The purpose of this study is to prove whether mud crab eye physiology is different between life stages (juvenile, sub-adult and adult stadia) especially in Semarang territorial water. Histology methods were used to determine the density of cone cell on three life stages. The highest number of eye cell in juvenile, sub-adult and adult are 25, 15 and 13 units, respectively and found in frontal inner side. The visual acuity in juvenile is 6.005×10-3-7.46×10-3; sub-adult is 9.17×10-3-15.4×10-3; and the adult is 16.03×10-3-19.6×10-3. The results indicate that the increase of visual acuity follows the growth of carapace width in mud crabs.

Copyright

© 2018 Aristi Dian Purnama Fitri, Herry Boesono, Agus Sabdono and Fahresa Nugraheni. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.