High Frequency of Enteroparasite Infection in Dogs (Canis familiaris) in Urban Regions of Espírito Santo, Brazil
Roberta Bastos Costa, Betânia Barreiro Santos, Gisele Pereira Valdetaro, Kalline Pereira Aroeira, Célio Siman Mafra Nunes, Racire Sampaio Silva, Denise Coutinho Endringer and Dominik Lenz
DOI : 10.3844/ajavsp.2016.8.10
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 11, Issue 1
The objective of this study was to perform examinations of canine fecal samples collected in the urban region, focusing on enteroparasitological diseases, common zoonosis that have their risk of transmission increased due to the growing number of stray dogs in these areas. One hundred and twenty fecal samples of stray dogs were collected from various locations of the studied region and processed by the method of Mollay Willis and Hoffman. Fifty local residents were interviewed, using a semi-structured questionnaire containing questions concerning personal hygiene, stray dogs as a risk factor and parasitological diseases knowledge. Parasitological contamination was observed in 75.9% of the samples; the main parasite was Ancylostoma spp. (72.5%), followed by Toxocara spp. (8.3%). In 24.1% of the samples, less relevant or non-important zoonosis helminths were found. Of those interviewed, only three (6%) were aware of the risk of parasitic contamination by dog feces. The high rate of dogs with infection by enteroparasites along with a lack of knowledge of the population about these infections represents a high risk of zoonosis and zooanthroponosis.
© 2016 Roberta Bastos Costa, Betânia Barreiro Santos, Gisele Pereira Valdetaro, Kalline Pereira Aroeira, Célio Siman Mafra Nunes, Racire Sampaio Silva, Denise Coutinho Endringer and Dominik Lenz. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.