American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Medical Abdominal Visceral Pain in Dogs

Alice Catanzaro, Giorgia della Rocca, Alessandra Di Salvo and Mary Ellen Goldberg

DOI : 10.3844/ajavsp.2015.67.76

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Volume 10, Issue 2

Pages 67-76

Abstract

Abdominal visceral pain of medical origin is one of the most frequent reasons for request of medical treatment in humans. Its control is of paramount importance not only for ethical reasons, but also because, if untreated, pain can cause a stress response leading to alterations concerning many organs and apparatuses. Causes of acute or chronic medical visceral pain in men are numerous, with pain originating from various regions of the body. Considering the similarities with regard to the nervous system between humans and other mammals, it is very likely that pathological conditions that cause visceral pain in men are painful in animals as well. Despite this, in veterinary practice medical visceral pain is rarely considered and poorly treated, often for the difficulty in its identification and for a lack of specific guidelines addressing this specific topic. Moreover, no detailed and specific information on this subject are available in the current literature. The present review lists the main pathologies likely responsible of medical abdominal visceral pain in the canine species, trying to summarize, for each considered condition, the available information regarding the pathogenesis and the management of pain.

Copyright

© 2015 Alice Catanzaro, Giorgia della Rocca, Alessandra Di Salvo and Mary Ellen Goldberg. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.