The Effect of Ivermectin Pour-on Administration Against Natural Heterakis gallinarum Infestation and its Prevalence in Native Poultry
M. H. Khayatnouri, Y. Garedaghi, A. R. Arbati and H. Khalili
DOI : 10.3844/ajavsp.2011.55.58
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 1
Problem statement: One of the real problems that cause the economic prejudice in animal farms yearly is parasitic diseases. To overcome these problems the use of antiparasitic drugs is necessary. Ivermectin is a broad spectrum antiparasitic agent and different routes of its administration such as injection, oral and pour-on were used. The aims of the current study were evaluation of the efficacy of ivermectin pour-on administration against natural Heterakis gallinarum infection in native poultry and also determination the prevalence rate of this parasite in Tabriz area. Approach:In the present study, 120 native poultry were investigated by Egg Per Gram of feces (EPG) feces test. Willis method was applied for feces test and Mack-master slide method was used for counting nematode eggs. After confirming the infection with worms, Ivermectin (0.5 mg kg−1) pour-on was administrated to infected birds. Fecal examination was repeated in 1, 7, 21 and 28 days post treatment. Results: Results showed that total prevalence of Heterakis gallinarum infection was 21.66% in native poultry of Tabriz area. Efficacy rate of ivermectin pour-on was 59.14, 87.87, 97.65 and 99.57% in 1, 7, 21 and 28 days respectively. Conclusion: In conclusion, the effect of this drug against Heterakis gallinarum resulted in reduction in egg count exceeded 98% (p<0.05), so this drug can be used in antiparasitic program in poultry. Further investigations are necessary to evaluate the drug effect on other nematodes and parasitic infections.
© 2011 M. H. Khayatnouri, Y. Garedaghi, A. R. Arbati and H. Khalili. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.