American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Occurrence of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus and Feline Leukemia Virus Infection in Cats

Fabiana Alves, Daniela de Souza Rajao, Helen Lima Del Puerto, Gissandra Farias Braz, Romulo Cerqueira Leite, Carlos Mazur, Almir Sousa Martins and Jenner Karlisson Pimenta dos Reis

DOI : 10.3844/ajavsp.2011.125.129

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Volume 6, Issue 3

Pages 125-129

Abstract

Problem statement: The objective of the present study was to evaluate occurrence of the Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) and the Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV) infection in asymptomatic domestic cats in the metropolitan region of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, using the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) for FIV detection and SNAP Combo Plus for FeLV and FIV detection. Approach: Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein of 78 healthy cats, mixed breeds and ages and both sexes. Specific primers were designed for PCR to amplify a 244 bp fragment of FIV gag gene. Results: Five animals (6.41%) were positive by PCR and three animals (3.85%) were positive by SNAP Combo Plus for FIV and 14 animals were positive for FeLV (17.95%). Conclusion: These results suggest that there is a significant occurrence of asymptomatic infected animals which may serve as potential transmitters of FIV and FeLV.

Copyright

© 2011 Fabiana Alves, Daniela de Souza Rajao, Helen Lima Del Puerto, Gissandra Farias Braz, Romulo Cerqueira Leite, Carlos Mazur, Almir Sousa Martins and Jenner Karlisson Pimenta dos Reis. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.