American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Effects of Flavomycin on Ruminal Fermentation, In Situ Degradability and In Vivo Digestibility in Bovine Fed Sugarcane Diets

S. M. Mogentale, E. J. A. Silva, P. M. Meyer, C. T. Marino, M. C. A. Sucupira, J. J. A. A. Demarchi and P. H. M. Rodrigues

DOI : 10.3844/ajavsp.2010.76.85

American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Volume 5, Issue 2

Pages 76-85

Abstract

Problem statement: The aim of the present study was to characterize and differentiate the effects of addition of flavomycin or monensin on ruminal fermentation and degradability as well as on total digestibility in bovine. Approach: Twelve non-pregnant and non-lactating cows (736 kg of BW) were randomly assigned to three treatments: control, flavomycin (20 mg animal-1 day-1) and monensin (300 mg animal-1 day-1). The trial lasted 21 days. The last 10 days were used for external marker administration (15 g of chromic oxide animal-1 day-1). The last 5 days of the trial were used for feces collection and evaluation of corn grain, soybean meal or sugarcane ruminal degradability and the 21st day was used for ruminal fluid sampling. Results: Monensin increased 27.2%, on average, propionate molar proportion at 0, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 h after feeding, compared to control and flavomycin groups. When compared to control, flavomycin reduced the degradation rate of soybean meal CP in 31.0%, decreasing the effective degradability when passage rates of 5 and 8% h-1 were used. Dry matter intake, pH, total Short Chain Fatty Acids (tSCFA) or ammoniacal Nitrogen (NH3-N) concentration were not influenced by the addition of either antibiotics. Effective degradability of sugarcane NDF was not influenced by the use of either antibiotic; neither were the TDN nor the digestibility of DM, CP, EE, NFE, ADF, NDF, GE or starch of the diet. Conclusion/Recommendations: In the present study, it was possible to show the beneficial effects of monensin but not of flavomycin, on rumen fermentation.

Copyright

© 2010 S. M. Mogentale, E. J. A. Silva, P. M. Meyer, C. T. Marino, M. C. A. Sucupira, J. J. A. A. Demarchi and P. H. M. Rodrigues. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.