American Journal of Applied Sciences

The Republic of Kazakhstan Budget System Development and the Increase of its Transparency

Kuralay Berkinovna Issatayeva and Ainagul Amangeldinovna Adambekova

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2016.364.371

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 13, Issue 4

Pages 364-371

Abstract

The article discusses the Republic of Kazakhstan's budget system development and the increase of its transparency compared with other countries. The history of the budget legislation for the Republic of Kazakhstan as an independent state began with the Declaration of State Sovereignty and the Law “On the Budget System” dated 17 December 1991, the first document, which modeled the principles of the budgetary system and budgetary process of a sovereign republic by law. Using the Republic of Kazakhstan as an example, the budget system development and ways to improve its efficiency and transparency were analyzed in this study. More openness and transparency of the budget system becomes extremely urgent task in connection with all the greater focus of public finances to address specific tasks to achieve the objectives of social and economic development. The paper deals with the openness of the budget of the Republic of Kazakhstan. In 2012, it stepped out of the category of the countries that provide minimal information on the budget. The aim of this study is to investigate the causes of the low transparency of the budget in Kazakhstan that in 2012 the International Budget Partnership (IBP) rated 48 (above the average of the countries) and to make suggestions to improve the transparency of the budget, which will lead to the improvement of living standards, reduction of corruption and improvement of the efficiency of budget spending.

Copyright

© 2016 Kuralay Berkinovna Issatayeva and Ainagul Amangeldinovna Adambekova. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.