American Journal of Applied Sciences

On the Computerization of African Languages

Harouna Naroua and Lawaly Salifou

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2016.1228.1234

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 13, Issue 11

Pages 1228-1234

Abstract

In this article, a computer tool for processing African languages has been designed. It is intended to be a contribution to the automatic processing of African languages. The current study is focused on West African languages where five main languages from Niger, two from Mali and one from Burkina Faso are considered. After a brief review of African languages processing, we designed a tool which uses minimum resources and operates essentially on a dictionary and the characteristics of the language alphabet. The dictionary is represented using a trie data structure. For the sake of application, the designed tool operates as a spell checker. To detect and correct spelling errors, the edit distance and the specificities of the language are used. Although they do not have processing tools, it was shown that existing tools for computerized languages can be adapted to African languages efficiently. To extend the designed tool to any African language, we only need to provide an appropriate dictionary and alphabet.

Copyright

© 2016 Harouna Naroua and Lawaly Salifou. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.