American Journal of Applied Sciences

A Review of the Importance of Physical Fitness to Company Performance and Productivity

Maryam Etemadi, Kamyar Shameli, Norihan Abu Hassan, Zuriati Zakaria, Nurul Bahiyah Binti Ahmad Khairudin and Hirofumi Hara

DOI : 10.3844/ajassp.2016.1104.1118

American Journal of Applied Sciences

Volume 13, Issue 11

Pages 1104-1118

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to illustrate and investigate the importance of physical fitness to company performance and productivity, by comparing previous researches on this area. This study focuses on the importance of physical fitness and its effect on employee health, performance and productivity in organizations. The number of health promotion programs in workplace settings has continued to grow. Although employers' rationales vary, health promotion programs may yield economic benefits such as reduced absenteeism, presentism, employee health care costs and employee turnover. The data for the study is collected from various sources namely articles from 1969 to 1999 and 2000 to 2015. The methodology adopted is qualitative and the findings are based on reliable data with respect to the economic impact of worksite physical fitness activity programs. Most, if not all, researches in this field have been performed in developed and high-income countries. This research recommends improvements and further studies on physical fitness on company performance and offers some suggestions for further research.

Copyright

© 2016 Maryam Etemadi, Kamyar Shameli, Norihan Abu Hassan, Zuriati Zakaria, Nurul Bahiyah Binti Ahmad Khairudin and Hirofumi Hara. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.